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Curriculum and Diversity, K–12

Curriculum is frequently equated with the officially approved subject matter content explicitly taught in schools. Although scholars agree that content is a critical component of curriculum, they quickly add that it includes more than that; nor are all curricula always approved by educational authorities, or taught explicitly. Philip Jackson notes that there are many different types of curricula. Each one offers different challenges and opportunities for addressing cultural diversity. For purposes of discussion here, a composite definition of curriculum, derived from the conceptions of leading scholars in the field, is used:

Curriculum is a plan or design for instruction that results from deliberate and intentional decision making on what students should learn about a given topic, issue, discipline, or event, why they should learn it, and ...

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