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Confucian Societies, Education in

Education in Confucian societies has attracted attention in policy and research discussions largely because of their students' remarkable performances in international comparisons. The educational systems in Confucian societies operate on aims, expectations, philosophies, approaches, and practices very specific to their respective cultures. This entry describes the cultural context of education in Confucian societies and examines ways in which it differs from Western approaches to education. The central role of moral education and of examinations is also described.

The term Confucian societies, a convenient label that embraces a broad range of complex social phenomena, is sometimes used to refer to Japan, South Korea, the four Chinese jurisdictions (Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao), Vietnam, and North Korea. It should also marginally include Singapore, which has a ...

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