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Children With Special Needs in the Middle East

The last few decades have witnessed pioneer projects and initiatives in the Middle East geared toward improving the field of early childhood education, especially for vulnerable and disadvantaged children. This entry describes the development of services for children with special needs in the Middle East, the main challenges that the field still faces, and the implications for other nations.

The Development of Services

Special education is a relatively new field of study for the Middle East. Not much attention was given to this matter prior to 1981, the year the United Nations (UN) declared the “International Year of Disabled Persons.” Since then, many Middle Eastern countries have formed committees to achieve several goals, such as surveying children with special needs, establishing centers and institutions for special education ...

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