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Cooperation between Civilian and Military Agencies

  • By: Wiley Thompson
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

Since the first large-scale disaster relief mission following the Lisbon earthquake of 1755, communities have been providing organized disaster relief to those in need. Disaster relief is often considered to be the rapid provision of goods and services following the onset of a disaster in order to meet basic needs and minimize suffering caused by a hazard. Relief may be dispensed while simultaneously evacuating or relocating affected populations.

While disaster relief is primarily a civilian-led, humanitarian activity, military organizations have a long history of contributing to disaster relief efforts. More recently, and in a more complex manner, military organizations from many countries played significant roles as contributors to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and 2005 south Asian earthquake response efforts. Because of the environment in which ...

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