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United States, National

  • By: Stephen T. Schroth, Jason A. Helfer, Diana L. Beck & Jordan K. Lanfair
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

The considerable size and varied geographic makeup of the United States exposes the country to a variety of natural disasters. Its prominence in international affairs, overseas presence, and sophisticated industrial infrastructure makes it a target for certain human-made catastrophes. As a result, the United States has long been concerned with disaster relief, creating the policies, procedures, and mechanisms to allow it to respond quickly and efficiently to disasters, both domestically and abroad. While historically, disaster relief in the United States has focused primarily on response to certain situations; recently the emphasis has shifted to include mitigation, preparedness, and recovery as well. While certain natural disasters only affect certain regions of the United States, relief for these regions is coordinated through central federal agencies, which in ...

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