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United Nations

  • By: Darryl J. Dixon
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

The United Nations (UN) is a supranational organization established in the aftermath of World War II in 1945 to prevent further outbreaks of war, uphold the human rights of all persons, establish and implement treaties, and increase social standards. It is currently represented by 192 nations of the world.

The First Incarnation: League of Nations

The original organization established to uphold peace and prevent the outbreak of further wars, the League of Nations (Societe des Nations) was formed at the conclusion of World War I through U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points Peace Program. The League of Nations: A Practical Suggestion, a publication by South African Prime Minister Jan Christiaan Smuts, became the genesis of the League of Nations, which was created on January 25, 1919, by ...

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