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United Kingdom

  • By: Ron Mountain
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

The last 10 years have seen significant changes in disaster relief and response in the United Kingdom. These changes have arisen from the occurrence of unprecedented, large-scale disasters, from an overhaul of the United Kingdom's statutory and regulatory basis for intervention in disasters, and from new institutional and organizational arrangements. Emergency response, which has traditionally been seen as the preserve of the three principal emergency services—fire, police, and ambulance—is increasingly considered to require the involvement of a much wider range of organizations—including nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and voluntary organizations—in order to meet the challenges posed by the evolving nature of risks and threats to the United Kingdom.

Disasters in the United Kingdom have traditionally been referred to as major incidents. Major incidents are conceived of as events ...

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