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Response, Operational Strategies

  • By: William Lang
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

Response to disasters is the first and most critical process after the event has occurred. The goal of response is to provide immediate assistance to maintain life, improve health, and support the morale of the affected population. Operational strategies are needed to empower the responders to execute activities that support the goals of response. These operational strategies are the basic methods responders will use to execute their activities.

Factors Affecting Response

Another factor affecting response is the two event types: self-limiting and unlimited. Self-limiting response has more casualties that might be saved by a faster response, but ultimately the impact has a fixed limit. Generally, this type of event is short and requires a fixed level of response. Examples include hurricanes, tornadoes, and bioattacks using noncommunicable agents ...

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