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Municipal Offices of Emergency Management

  • By: David E. Alexander
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

A municipality can be defined as a local jurisdiction together with its government, the local authority. It is the bedrock of emergency management, for no matter what the size of a disaster, the local area is always the theater of operations. No place on Earth is entirely free from disaster risk; hence, all local authorities should have offices of emergency management (OEMs) or an equivalent department. These should be based in a municipal emergency operations center (EOC), which is the point of reference for all local emergency management initiatives.

The Emergency Operations Center

Whether the local area is large or small, the EOC should be an important part of each municipality's disaster risk reduction strategy and its arrangements for tackling emergencies. The main elements of an EOC ...

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