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Mitigation, Benefits and Costs of

  • By: Jane E. Rovins
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

According to Relief Web, disasters worldwide from 2000 to 2007 averaged $82 billion in damages, while in 2008 the total was over $190 billion, with hundreds of millions of people impacted worldwide. With expenses and impacts this great, the benefits of mitigation are evident. Mitigation is any action that prevents long-term impact and loss of people and property as a result of a disaster. If implemented, mitigation measures can greatly reduce the cost of recovery from a disaster. This was demonstrated by the findings of the Multihazard Mitigation Council (MMC) that for every dollar spent now, mitigation saves $4 later. However, the benefits of a specific mitigation project must be weighed against the cost of the mitigation action to determine if it is worthwhile and ...

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