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Middle East

  • By: Marcella Bush Trevino
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

Recent natural disasters affecting the Middle East include droughts, floods, severe weather, and earthquakes. Droughts have been compounded by desertification and political battles over control of the region's limited water resources. Recent technological disasters include long-term effects from previous oil spills. Recent conflict disasters include the Arab-Israeli conflicts, the continued U.S. military presence in Iraq and Afghanistan, and terrorist attacks and suicide bombings. All of these disasters combined have displaced millions of people, leaving the Middle East with one of the largest refugee populations in the world.

Middle Eastern national governments have also united in various organizations in part to aid in disaster preparedness, mitigation, and relief. Such organizations include the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), which manages the Islamic Solidarity Fund for Development; the ...

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