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Mexico

  • By: Wilkinson Emily
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

In terms of geography and climate, Mexico is one of the most diverse countries in the world. It is also susceptible to a wide range of natural hazards, including floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, droughts, tsunamis, and forest fires. These, combined with high levels of social vulnerability caused by rapid urbanization, poverty, and marginalization in rural areas, create high levels of disaster risk. Mexico's institutional and financial capacity to prepare for and respond to disasters has improved dramatically since the mid-1980s. Today it has a national civil protection system that coordinates the disaster management activities of central government agencies, sub-national governments, the private sector, and civil society, and the government allocates approximately $600 million from the national budget every year to finance disaster relief and ...

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