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Levels of Nutrition

  • By: Barclay T. Stewart
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

Significant food shortage may be a primary feature of a disaster, as in droughts, agricultural failure, or floods that result in famine, or may be an effect of war, economic catastrophe, or population displacement. The malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that ensue add to disease burden and mortality, encumber socioeconomic recovery, and intensify demands on already inadequate resources. Therefore, assessing, characterizing, and relieving malnutrition among refugee populations are of utmost importance in disaster relief.

Nutrition Level Assessment in a Population

Good nutrition in a population complements the prevention and mitigation of morbidity and mortality in emergency situations, as well as supports the return to favorable conditions for recovery and development. The degree of malnutrition experienced by populations afflicted by disaster is related to pre-disaster nutrition levels, food security, ...

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