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Hurricane Zones

  • By: Thomas Schmidlin
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

Hurricanes and typhoons are tropical cyclones—large rotating storms with maximum one-minute wind speeds measured at 74 mph. They are called hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean and eastern north Pacific Ocean, and typhoons in the western north Pacific Ocean. They form over warm ocean waters, but may move into mid-latitude regions and strike land, causing impacts hundreds of miles inland. Their impacts along both the coast and inland result from heavy rains, high winds, and storm surge. Hurricane and typhoon zones are those regions where hurricanes and typhoons occur over water, as well as the land areas that are impacted.

Hurricanes and typhoons form from tropical easterly waves and monsoon troughs, over warm (>86 degrees F) ocean waters where the air is unstable and moist and the ...

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