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Home Preparedness

  • By: Sidika Tekeli-Yesil
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

In the modern world, people need to learn how to live with risks and natural hazards. Most natural hazards cannot be prevented, but individuals and households can prepare themselves to avoid injury, minimize damage to the home, and survive afterward for at least 72 hours without outside help.

Reducing Vulnerability

The core concept of disaster preparedness is vulnerability, or risk reduction. Hazards lead to disasters only when they coincide with the vulnerable points of populations and systems. Vulnerability corresponds to the conditions or characteristics of persons, groups, and systems that influence their capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist, and recover from the impact of hazards. It is determined by physical, social, economic, and environmental factors or processes. The concept of reducing vulnerability usually concerns different levels (governmental, ...

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