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Holodomor Famine (1932–1934)

  • By: Kristin Stevens
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

In 1932–34, the Ukraine, then a part of the Soviet Union, experienced widespread famine as a result of political policies. Under the Stalinist regime, 7 to 10 million people died of starvation, with an estimated one-third of them children. This incident is referred to as the Holodomor, or Holodomor Famine. The word holodomor is based on the Ukrainian words holod, meaning hunger or starvation; and moryty, meaning to kill or induce suffering. The Holodomor is also known as the Great Famine or the Terror Famine.

The Ukraine had been known as the breadbasket of Europe for its rich grain production. Production in the impacted years was not significantly different than in other years, and the Soviet Union continued to export grain during this period. Under Stalin, ...

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