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History of Disaster Relief, Pacific Region

  • By: Darryl J. Dixon
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

The provision of adequate and timely disaster relief is essential in the response and recovery phases of emergency/disaster management. The ability to restore critical infrastructure and citizen's livelihood after a disaster is paramount, particularly in the Pacific region, which covers one third of the Earth. Its nations range in size, population, and socioeconomic status, creating a large variation in the region's capacity to respond and recover from disasters.

As the largest ocean region encasing 63,800,000 square miles, it is bounded by 21 nations, including The United States, Chile, and Peru to the east; Thailand, China, and Australia to the west; Antarctica to the south; and the Russia to the north. The number of confirmed islands within the Pacific currently stands at 25,000. The Pacific region accounts ...

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