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History of Disaster Relief, Europe

  • By: Marcella Bush Trevino
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

The most common disasters in ancient and early modern European history included earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, fires, and periodic pandemic disease outbreaks. The most common disasters in modern European history include hardships resulting from wars, revolutions, and terrorism, as well as storms, severe winter and summer weather, earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, avalanches, landslides, droughts, and famines. Disasters have impacted Europe both in terms of death tolls and economic losses, with per-capita economic losses among the highest in the world in modern times due to Europe's large population, which has increased vulnerability to the effects of disasters. Disaster risks and losses have also varied due to Europe's mix of developed and less-developed countries.

Modern European disaster preparedness and relief efforts have benefitted from increased geographical, medical, and scientific ...

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