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Haiti Earthquake (2010)

  • By: Benjamin Hebblethwaite
  • In: Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief
  • Edited by: K. Bradley Penuel & Matt Statler
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Policy (general)

A catastrophic earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale occurred near Haiti's capital, Port-au-Prince, at 4:53 P.M. on January 12, 2010. In the weeks that followed, several dozen significant aftershocks ensued, measuring between 4.2 and 6.1 in magnitude. In Port-au-Prince, 30 to 50 percent of the buildings collapsed and crushed their occupants. The surrounding towns of Carrefour, Léogâne, and Jacmel, among others, were also devastated. An estimated 250,000 people were killed, 250,000 were wounded, 1.2 million (one in nine) became homeless, and 3 million were drastically impacted. One million children were either orphaned or lost one parent. The earthquake was the worst natural disaster in the history of the Western Hemisphere.

Port-au-Prince's docks, airport control tower, hospitals, schools, government buildings, hotels, and entire towns and ...

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