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Critical Praxis

  • By: Peter L. McLaren, Jean Jinsun Ryoo, Jenifer Crawford & Dianna Moreno
  • In: Encyclopedia of Curriculum Studies
  • Edited by: Craig Kridel
  • Subject:Cultural Studies (general), Curriculum & Content (general), Curriculum Studies

Praxis is the union of action and reflection and of theory and practice. Paulo Freire refers to praxis as the reassertion of human action for a more human world on two levels, the individual and social, where the simultaneous changing of circumstances and self-change occur. Critical praxis is threefold and includes self-reflection, reflective action, and collective reflective action. According to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, revolutionary practice is the changing of circumstance and human activity. Critical educational praxis occurs in two contexts: (1) authentic dialogue between learners and (2) the social reality in which people exist.

There is a long tradition of scholarship on thoughtful action and the deep connection between theory and practice in Western philosophy. The origin of praxis is Greek and refers to ...

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