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Learning Theories

  • By: Mustafa Yunus Eryaman & Salih Zeki Genc
  • In: Encyclopedia of Curriculum Studies
  • Edited by: Craig Kridel
  • Subject:Cultural Studies (general), Curriculum & Content (general), Curriculum Studies

A learning theory is a set of systematic, integrated concepts and research-based descriptions of how individuals acquire knowledge, skills, and competencies, thus helping us understand the inherently complex process of learning. The relationship between curriculum and learning theories is a very close one. Curriculum is essentially a roadmap for learning and as such focuses on competencies and skills that are important to learn. Learning theories are frameworks educators consider when designing a curriculum and applying it to teaching and learning. With a learning theory as a conceptual framework, curriculum and instruction can be structured around making learning most effective.

There are many different theories of how people learn; therefore, it is hard to categorize learning theories in exactly the same way. In general, there are three ...

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