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Chronic Pain

  • By: Daniel Bruns
  • In: Encyclopedia of Counseling
  • Edited by: Frederick T. L. Leong
  • Subject:General Counseling & Psychotherapy, Counseling Psychology

The classical model of pain, first articulated by the philosopher Descartes in the 17th century, regarded pain as a sensory experience triggered by tissue damage. Despite the fact that this model is unsupported by empirical research, it continues to be a ...

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