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The Baluba are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Their number is estimated at around 10 million people. They are widely known for four major achievements: their art, whose numerous objects populate, among others, the Tervuren Museum; their religion; their philosophy; and their political thought, which is manifested in Pax Luba.

Luba philosophy and religious thought played a crucial role in the development of African philosophy and the Négritude Movement in the 20th century. Luba religion was revealed to the outside world by the publication of Placide Tempels' Bantu Philosophy in 1945. The controversy generated by this book in the international community placed Luba religion and thought at the center of the vast intellectual debate that led to the ...

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