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A sphinx is a large stone statue depicting the body of a lion or lioness and the head of a woman, man, or animal, such as a sheep, hawk, or ram. A common sphinx in ancient Egypt was in the form of the body of a lion with the head of a human and the face of the current king or queen. The most prominent Egyptian sphinx is the Great Sphinx of Giza, a manifestation of the sun god, Re. Situated on a plateau and carved out of limestone, the Great Sphinx was erected to be a guardian and protector of nearby tombs from evil spirits.

Origins

These monuments, referred to generally by the name given to them by the Greeks, were common in Egypt and Greece. ...

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