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Shona traditional religion is monotheistic, having belief in the one God called Mwari. The word Mwari may have roots in the Bantu Mu-ari, which literally means that which is self-existent. Other expressions of God are Nyadenga, which means “Owner of Heavens,” and Musiki, which means “the Creator.” This name depicts a separation or distance of the people from God. Furthermore, the Shona maintain that Mwari is the originator of wisdom and knower of all things having no limitation. All phenomena are thus attributed to the Creator, Mwari.

The MaShona are both patrimonial and patriarchal. This holds in the Shona tradition with regard to the religious reality of the people. The spirits that are closest and most concerned the with the daily life and welfare of the ...

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