• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Groves are sacred in African religion. They contain the spirits of the ancestors. The ancestors do not die, according to African worldview. They join the environment and live as one with nature. Founders of nations and heads of families and dynasties identify with hills and mountains as symbols of their deep roots, solid high moral standards, and principles. Some identify with trees such as the baobab and iroko as symbols of royalty and status. Some identify with rivers, lakes, springs, pools, and waterfalls as ideal resorts for their spirits. Warrior spirits identify with animals such as the rhino, elephant, lion, leopard, buffalo, or hippo as symbols of power, strength, and aggression.

Sanctity and Sanctuary

The spirits of elders and wise men find kinship with birds such as ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles