Age Studies: A Sociological Examination of How We Age and are Aged through the Life Course

Books

Susan Pickard

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    Acknowledgements

    ‘This is a wonderful book which enriches the growing field of cultural studies of ageing, and brings to it a fresh, intersectional focus, and plenty of vivid contemporary examples. With great rigour, yet an enviable lightness of touch, Susan Pickard has written an engaging and accessible book that students will love.’

    Rosalind Gill, City University London

    ‘Susan Pickard’s Age Studies is a scholarly tour de force that brings into focus the various disciplines, histories, literatures and knowledges that have transformed us into modern subjects of age. Each chapter is an exciting discovery of the paths by which the social has coursed through our lives in the most intricate and intimate ways.’

    Stephen Katz, Trent University

    ‘Powerful use of text and images to engage students with key concepts and aims of the book.’

    Irene Hardill, Northumbria University

    ‘Susan Pickard’s approach to age studies is comprehensive and compelling, writing about concepts of class and gender, the body and culture. This is no dry account of ageing. Each chapter includes questions for the reader to consider, and chapter summaries make the book accessible to students. Pickard has a beautifully clear writing style. She introduces us to the Hag, to media images, her own experiences, and how we can tell our own stories about ageing. Pickard’s book is an invaluable addition to the shelf of any researcher or student of sociology and related fields.’

    Samantha Holland, Leeds Becket University

    ‘Susan Pickard is breathing life of cultural studies in aging studies which is to be applauded. It is an excellent, thought provoking and timely text.’

    Jason Powell, University of Chester

    About the Author

    Susan Pickard is Reader in Sociology at the University of Liverpool and before this held posts at Salford, Birmingham and Manchester Universities. Her research has been published in a variety of journals including Sociology, Ageing and Society, Sociology of Health and Illness, Social Science and Medicine and Biosocieties, among others. Age Studies will be followed up by a monograph, The Girl in Time, to be published by Routledge.

    Acknowledgements

    Many people have helped in the gestation of this book over the years, ranging from sympathetic editors of journals, to colleagues at home and abroad, to scholars, living and dead, whom I have never met. However, I owe a particular debt of gratitude to the following people. Firstly, thanks to my colleagues at Liverpool for providing a wonderful atmosphere in which I was able to develop the research that went into this book and of whom Paul Jones was kind enough to read and comment on an earlier draft of the manuscript; also to the students who enrolled on my Age Studies module over the past three years and whose feedback helped enormously with the writing of these chapters. I also thank friends and colleagues outside of Liverpool, especially Toni Calasanti and Neal King, for providing me both with a warm and welcoming haven and writing space in their beautiful home at the foothills of the Appalachians, during my time at Virginia Tech in 2014, as well as with endless inspiration. Paul Higgs and Stephen Katz have also been very generous in their advice and encouragement during my work in this field. Thanks to the British Academy and to the Leverhulme Trust for providing research grants which made this work possible. At SAGE, I thank Delayna Spencer for invaluable editorial advice and a sensitive and sympathetic eye throughout the production of this book. I would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers who gave such brilliant and thoughtful feedback. At home, thanks to Reynard for his support and for his infectious can-do optimism which blew away the dark clouds of my own pessimism, and especially my mother, Isabel Martinez Pickard, whose talent lies in the art of ageing well, which is to say the art of living and to whom I dedicate this book.

  • References

    Adam, B. (1990) Time and social theory, Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Adam, B. (1995) Timewatch: the social analysis of time, Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Ainsworth, S. and Hardy, C. (2008) The enterprising self: an unsuitable job for an older worker, Organization 15(3): 389405.
    All Party Parliamentary Group on Body Image (2012) Reflections on Body Image, London: National Children’s Bureau.
    ANAD (National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders) (2015) information site accessed at http://www.anad.org/get-information/about-eating-disorders/eating-disorders-statistics/ January 1 2015.
    Andrew, M.K. and Keefe, J.M. (2014) Social vulnerability from a social ecology perspective: a cohort study of older adults from the National Population Health Survey of Canada, BMC Geriatrics, 14: 90.
    Andrews, M. (1999) The seductiveness of agelessness, Ageing and Society 19(3): 30118.
    Andrews, M. (2009) The narrative complexity of successful ageing, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 29(1/2): 7383.
    Annandale, E. (2009) Women’s Health and Social Change, London: Routledge.
    Anon (2014) Authors, teachers and parents launch revolt over ‘exam factory’ schools, The Independent, 3 October.
    Anon (2015) How Kate Moss is proof you end up with the face you deserve, Daily Mail, 25 September.
    Arber, S. and Cooper, H. (2000) Gender and inequalities in health across the life course. In Annandale, E. and Hunt, K. (eds) Gender Inequalities in Health, Milton Keynes: Open University Press, pp. 12349.
    Aries, P. (1962) Centuries of Childhood, London: Jonathan Cape.
    Arnett, J.J. (2000) Emerging Adulthood: the winding road from the late teens through the twenties, New York: Oxford University Press.
    Arnot, M. (2004) Male working-class identities and social justice. In Dolby, N. and Dimitriadis, G. with Willis, P. (eds) Learning to Labour in New Times, London: Routledge, pp. 1534.
    Athill, D. (2008) Somewhere Towards the End, London: Granta.
    Avis, N.E., Crawford, S.L., Greendale, G., Bromberger, J.T., Everson-Rose, S.A., Gold, E.B., Hess, R., Joffe, H., Kravitz, H.M., Tepper, P.G. and Thurston, R.C. (2015) Duration of menopausal vasomotor symptoms over the menopause transition, JAMA Internal Medicine, 175(4): 5319. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.8063.
    Bakhtin, M. (1984) Rabelais and His World, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Baltes, M. and Carstensen, L. (1996) The process of successful ageing, Ageing and Society, 16: 397422.
    Baltes, P. B. and Baltes, M.M. (1990) Successful Ageing: perspectives from the behavioural sciences, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Baltes, P. and Smith, J. (2003) New frontiers in the future of ageing: from successful ageing of the young old to the dilemmas of the fourth age, Gerontology, 49: 12335.
    Baltes, P.B., Staudinger, U.M. and Lindenerger, U. (1999) Lifespan psychology: theory and application to intellectual functioning, Annual Review of Psychology, 50: 471507.
    Banyard, K. (2010) The Equality Illusion: the truth about women and men today, London: Faber and Faber.
    Basting, A.D. (1998) The Stages of Age: performing age in contemporary American culture, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
    Bauman, Z. (2000) Foreword: individually, together. In Beck, U. and Beck-Gernsheim, E. (2000) Individualization: institutionalized individualism and its social and political consequences, London: Sage, pp. 1419.
    Bauman, Z. (2001) Consuming life, Journal of Consumer Culture, 1(9): 929.
    Beauvoir, S. de (1965) [1964] A Very Easy Death, New York: Pantheon.
    Beauvoir, S. de (1968) [1963] Force of Circumstance, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Beauvoir, S. de (1970) [1948] The Ethics of Ambiguity, New York: The Citadel Press.
    Beauvoir, S. de (1985) [1981] Adieux: a farewell to Sartre, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Beauvoir, S. de (1996) [1970] The Coming of Age, New York: Norton.
    Beauvoir , S. de (1997) [1949] The Second Sex, London: Vintage.
    Beauvoir, S. de (2001) [1958] Memoires of a Dutiful Daughter, New York: Harper Perennial.
    Beauvoir, S. de (2006) [1969] The Woman Destroyed, novella published in the collection The Age of Discretion, London: Harper Perennial.
    Beck, U. (1992) Risk Society: towards a new modernity, London: Sage.
    Beck, U. and Beck-Gernsheim, E. (2002) Individualization: institutionalized individualism and its social and political consequences, London: Sage.
    Beck-Gernsheim, E. (2002) Reinventing the Family, Cambridge: Polity.
    Becker, G. (1997) Disrupted Lives: how people create meaning in a chaotic world, Berkeley, University of California Press.
    Bee, H.L. and Mitchell, S.K. (1984) The Developing Person: a life-span approach (
    second
    edition), San Francisco: HarperCollins.
    Benjamin, J. (1990) The Bonds of Love: psychoanalysis, feminism and the problem of domination, London: Virago.
    Benjamin, J. (1994) The omnipotent mother: a psychoanalytic study of fantasy. In Bassin, D., Honey, M. and Kaplan, M.M. (eds) Representations of Motherhood, New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 12946.
    Berg, G. and Gadow, S. (1978) Towards more human meanings of ageing: ideals and images from philosophy and art. In Spicker, S.F., Woodward, K.M. and Tassel, D.D. van (eds) Ageing and the Elderly, Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, pp. 8392.
    Berger, J. (1972) Ways of Seeing, London: BBC and Penguin Books.
    Bjerrum Nielsen, H. (2004) Noisy Girls: new subjectivities and old gender discourses, Young 12(1): 930.
    Bolick, K. (2015) Spinster: making a life of one’s own, New York: Corsair.
    Bordo, S. (1986) The Cartesian masculinisation of thought, Signs 11(3): 43956.
    Bordo, S. (1995) Unbearable Weight, Berkeley: University of California.
    Bordo, S. (1999) Selections from the flight to objectivity. In Bordo, S. (ed.) Feminist Interpretations of René Descartes, Philadelphia: Penn State University Press, pp. 4869.
    Bourdieu, P. (1984) Distinction, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Bourdieu, P. (1990) The Logic of Practice, Cambridge: Polity.
    Bourdieu, P. (1993) Sociology in Question, London: Theory, Culture and Society.
    Bourdieu, P. (2000) Pascalian Meditations, Cambridge: Polity.
    Bourdieu, P. (2001) [1998] Masculine Domination, Cambridge: Polity.
    Bowlby, J. (1971) Attachment and Loss, vol. 1, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Bradley, H. (1996) Fragmented Identities, Cambridge: Polity.
    Bradley, H. (2007) Gender: key concepts, Cambridge: Polity.
    Bradley, H. and Devadson, R. (2008) Fractured transitions: young adults’ pathways into contemporary labour markets, Sociology, 42(1): 11936.
    Brannen, J. and Nilsen, A. (2002) Young people’s time perspectives from youth to adulthood, Sociology 36(3): 51337.
    Brown, N.O. (1959) Life Against Death, Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.
    Brown, W. (2015) Undoing the Demos: neoliberalism’s stealth revolution, New York: Zone Books.
    Brumberg, J.J. (1997) The Body Project: an intimate history of American girls, New York: Vintage.
    Buchholz, S., Hofacher, D., Mills, M., Blossfield, H.-P., Kurz, K. and Hofmeister, H. (2009) Lifecourses in the globalization process: the development of social inequalities in modern societies, European Sociological Review, 25(1): 5371.
    Budgeon, S. (2014) The dynamics of gender hegemony: femininities, masculinities and social change, Sociology, 48(2): 31724.
    Burkeman, O. (2015) The cult of youth cheats young and old alike. Let’s reclaim adulthood. The Guardian, 12 May.
    Burman, E. (2005) Childhood, neo-liberalism and the feminization of education, Gender and Education, 17(4): 35167.
    Burman, E. (2007) Deconstructing Developmental Psychology (
    second
    edition), London: Routledge.
    Burrow, J.A. (1988) The Ages of Man: a study in medieval writing and thought, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Bury, M. and Wadsworth, M. (2003) The ‘biological clock’? Ageing, health and the body across the life course. In Williams, S.J., Birke, L. and Bendelow, G. (2003) Debating Biology: sociological reflections on health, medicine and society, London: Routledge, pp. 10919.
    Butler, J. (1990) Gender Trouble, London: Routledge.
    Butler, J. (1993) Bodies that Matter, London: Routledge.
    Butler, R.N. (1963) The life review: an interpretation of reminiscence in the aged, Psychiatry, 26: 6576.
    Butler, R.N. (2002) The study of productive ageing, Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 57B(6): S323.
    Butler, R.N., Miller, R.A., Perry, D., Carnes, B.A., Williams, T.F., Cassel, C., Brody, J., Bernard, M.A., Partridge, L., Kirkwood, T., Martin, G.M. and Olshansky, S.J. (2008) New model of health promotion and disease prevention for the twenty-first century, British Medical Journal, 337: 14950.
    Bynner, J. (2007) Rethinking the youth phase of the life course: the case for emerging adulthood?, Journal of Youth Studies, 8(4): 36784.
    Bynum, C.W. (2001) Metamorphosis and Identity, New York: Zone Books.
    Calasanti, T. and Slevin, K.F. (2001) Gender, Social Inequalities and Aging, Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.
    Calasanti, T.M. and Slevin, K.F. (2006) Introduction: age matters. In Calasanti, T.M. and Slevin, K.F. (eds) Age Matters: realigning feminist thinking, London: Routledge, pp. 117.
    Callahan, D. (1987) Setting Limits: medical goals in an ageing society, New York: Simon and Schuster.
    Campbell, B. (2013) End of Equality: the only way is women’s liberation, London: Seagull.
    Carers UK (2012) Facts about Carers: policy briefing December 2012, London: Carers UK.
    Carpenter, C. (2013) That’s not very old lady like! Heidi Klum is a granny gone wild as she lets loose inside her annual Halloween bash, Daily Mail, 1 November.
    Carter, A. (1981) The Bloody Chamber, Harmondsworth: King Penguin.
    Cavendish, L. (2015) Why do so many middle-aged men feel so lost? Daily Telegraph, 27 February.
    Chapple, A. and Ziebland, S. (2002) Prostate cancer: embodied experience and perceptions of masculinity, Sociology of Health and Illness, 24(6): 82084.
    Children’s Society (2013) Hidden from View: the experiences of young carers in England, London: Children’s Society.
    Chodorow, N. (1978) The Reproduction of Mothering, Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Chodorow, N. (1989) Feminism and Psychoanalytic Theory, New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Chodorow, N. (1994) Femininities, Masculinities, Sexualities: Freud and beyond, Kentucky: University of Kentucky Press.
    Cohen, A.P. (1994) Self-Consciousness: an alternative anthropology of identity, London: Routledge.
    Cole, T.R. (1986) The ‘enlightened’ view of ageing: Victorian morality in a new key. In Cole, T.R. and Gadow, S. (eds) What Does it Mean to Grow Old?, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp. 11530.
    Cole, T.R. (1989) Generational equity in America: a cultural historian’s perspective, Social Science and Medicine, 29(3): 37783.
    Cole, T.R. (1992) The Journey of Life, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Cole, T.R. and Winkler, M.G. (1994) The Oxford Book of Aging: reflections on the journey of life, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Coleman, P. and O’Hanlon, A. (2004) Ageing and Development: theories and research, London: Arnold.
    Collins, G. (2014) This is what 80 looks like, New York Times, 22 March.
    Connell, R.W. (1987) Gender and Power: society, the person and sexual politics, Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Connell, R.W. (1993) Masculinities, Los Angeles: University of California Press.
    Connell, R.W. (2000) The Men and the Boys, Cambridge: Polity.
    Connell, R.W. (2005) Change among the gatekeepers: men, masculinities, and gender equality in the global arena, Signs, 30(3): 180125.
    Conway, K. (2007) Illness and the Limits of Expression, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
    Conway, S. and Hockey, J. (1998) Resisting the ‘mask’ of old age? The social meaning of lay health beliefs in later life, Ageing and Society, 18(4): 46994.
    Coren, V. (2014) We need to talk about work vs Motherhood, Elle, October.
    Côté, J.E. (2002) The role of identity capital in the transition to adulthood: the individualization thesis examined, Journal of Youth Studies, 5(2).
    Coulmas, F. (2007) Population Decline and Ageing in Japan: the social consequences, London: Routledge.
    Cumming, E. and Henry, W. (1961) Growing Old: the process of disengagement, New York: Basic Books.
    Cummings, D. (2013) Some thoughts on education and political priorities, accessed at http://static.guim.co.uk/ni/1381763590219/-Some-thoughts-on-education.pdf, December.
    Cunningham, H. (1991) The Children of the Poor: representations of childhood since the seventeenth century, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Cunningham, H. (2006) The Invention of Childhood, London: BBC.
    Cusk, R. (2015) Mothers and daughters: a modern tragedy, Sunday Times, 5 April.
    Dalley, G. (1988) Ideologies of Caring, Basingstoke: Macmillan Education.
    Daly, M. (1991) Gyn/Ecology: the metaethics of radical feminism, London: The Women’s Press.
    Darlington, R., Margo, J. and Sternberg, S. with Burks, B.K. (2011) Through the Looking Glass: teenage girls’ self-esteem is more than skin-deep, London: Demos.
    Davies, K. (1994) The tensions between process time and clock time in care-work: the example of day nurseries, Time and Society, 3(3): 277303.
    Dean, M. (1994) Critical and Effective Histories: Foucault’s methods and historical sociology, London: Routledge.
    Deleuze, G. and Guattari, F. (2000) Thousand Plateaus, London: Continuum International Publishing.
    Delphy, C. (1993) Rethinking sex and gender, Women’s Studies International Forum 16(1): 19.
    Department for Education and Employment (1997) Excellence in Schools, London: DfEE.
    Department for Education and Skills (2007) Gender and Education: the evidence on pupils in England, available at www.dfes.gov.uk/research.
    Department of Health (2006) A New Ambition for Old Age: next steps in implementing the National Service Framework for Older People, London: HMSO.
    Deresiewicz, W. (2014) Excellent Sheep: the miseducation of the American elite and the way to a meaningful life, New York: Free Press.
    Deutsch, H. (1984) The menopause, International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 65(1): 5562.
    Deutscher, P. (1997) Yielding Gender. London: Routledge.
    Dill, K. (2014) Report: CEOS earn 331 times as much as average workers, Forbes, 15 April.
    Dinnerstein, D. (1976) The Mermaid and the Minotaur: sexual arrangements and human malaise, New York: Harper & Row.
    Doane, M.A. (1987) The Desire to Desire, London: Routledge.
    Dorling, D. (2014) Inequality and the One Per Cent, London: Verso.
    Douglas, M. (1966) Purity and Danger, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Dove, M. (1986) The Perfect Age of Man’s Life, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Dowling, C. (2000) The Frailty Myth: redefining the physical potential of women and girls, New York: Random House.
    Dreyfus, H. and Rabinow, P. (1982) Michel Foucault: beyond structuralism and hermeneutics, London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
    Driscoll, M. (2015) The naughty aunt wooing teenagers away from porn, Sunday Times, 26 July.
    Du Gay, P. (1996) Consumption and Identity at Work, London: Sage.
    Duden, B. (1991) The Woman Beneath the Skin: a doctor’s patients in eighteenth-century Germany, London: Harvard University Press.
    Duncan, C. and Loretto, W. (2004) Never the right age? Gender and age-based discrimination in employment, Gender, Work and Organisation, 11(1): 95115.
    Dunham, L. (2014) Not that Kind of Girl, New York: Fourth Estate.
    Dunn, J. (1988) The Beginning of Social Understanding, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Dunne, J. (1993) Back to the Rough Ground: practical judgement and the lure of technique, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.
    Dyer, R. (1982, September/October) Don’t look now: the male pin-up, Screen, 23 (3/4): 6173.
    Dyhouse, C. (2014) Girl Trouble: panic and progress in the history of young women, London: Zed Books.
    Eagleton, T. (2004) After Theory, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Ehrenreich, B. (1983) The Hearts of Men: American dreams and the flight from commitment, London: Pluto Press.
    Ehrenreich, B. (2015) ‘Rise of the Robots’ and ‘Shadow Work’, Sunday Book Review, New York Times, 11 May.
    Ehrenreich, B. and English, D. (2013) Complaints and Disorders: the sexual politics of sickness, New York: Anchor Books.
    Eisenstein, H. (2005) A dangerous liaison? Feminism and corporate globalization, Science and Society, 69(3): 487518.
    Elias, N. (1978) [1939] The Civilizing Process, volume 1: the history of manners, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    Erikson, E.H. (1964) Inner and Outer Space: reflections on womanhood, Daedaulus, 93(2): 582606.
    Erikson, E.H. (1994) [1968] Identity: youth and crisis, New York: Norton.
    Erikson, E.H. and Erikson, J.M. (1997) The Life Cycle Completed: extended version, New York: Norton.
    Esping-Anderson, G. (2005) Final remarks. In Boeri, T., Del Boca, D. and Pissarides, C. (eds) Women at Work: an economic perspective, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Esping-Andersen, G. and Sarasa, S. (2002) The generational conflict reconsidered, Journal of European Social Policy, 12(1): 521.
    Estes, C.L. (1979) The Ageing Enterprise, San Francisco: Josey-Bass.
    Estes, C.L. (2001) Social Policy and Ageing, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    Eugster, C. (2011) Experience: I am a 91-year-old body builder, The Guardian, 2 April.
    Faludi, S. Backlash: the undeclared war against women, New York: Vintage.
    Farrelly, C. (2008) Has the time come to take on time itself? British Medical Journal, 337: 1478.
    Fausto-Sterling, A. (2003) The problem with sex/gender and nature/nurture. In Williams, S.J., Birke, L. and Bendelow, G. (eds) Debating Biology: sociological reflections on health, medicine and society, London: Routledge, pp. 12332.
    Felski, R. (1997) The doxa of difference, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 23(1): 123.
    Fennell, G., Phillipson, C. and Evers, H. (1988) The Sociology of Old Age, Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    Ferguson, E., Maughan, B. and Golding, G. (2008) Which children receive grandparental care and what effect does it have? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49(2): 1619.
    Ferguson, K.E. (1993) The Man Question: visions of subjectivity in feminist theory, Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Ferrucci, L., Guralnik, J.M., Studenski, S., Fried, L.P., Cutler, G.B. and Walston, J.D. (2004) Designing randomized controlled trials aimed at preventing or delaying functional decline and disability in frail, older persons: a consensus report, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52(4): 62535.
    Fewtrell, M., Wilson, D.C., Booth, I. and Lucas, A. (2011) Six months of exclusive breast feeding: how good is the evidence? British Medical Journal, 342: c5955.
    Figlio, K.M. (1976) The metaphor of organization: an historiographical perspective on the bio-medical sciences of the early 19th century, History of Science, 14(1): 1753.
    Finch, J. and Groves, D. (1980). Community care and the family: a case for equal opportunities? Journal of Social Policy, 9(4): 487511.
    Finch, L. (1993) The Classing Gaze: sexuality, class and surveillance, St Leonard’s, NSW: Allen and Unwin.
    Fine, M.D. (2012) Individualising care: the transformation of personal support in old age, Ageing and Society, 33(3): 42136.
    Firestone, S. (1970) The Dialectic of Sex, New York: William Morrow.
    Flanagan, C. (2009) Young people’s civic engagement and political development. In Furlong, A. (ed.) Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood: new perspectives and new agenda, London: Routledge, pp. 293300.
    Formosa, M. and Higgs, P. (2013) Introduction. In Formosa, M. and Higgs, P. (eds) Social Class in Later Life: power identity and lifestyle, Bristol: Policy Press.
    Foster, L. (2013) Pension reform should focus on women, poverty and social exclusion, available at http://www.poverty.ac.uk/editorial/putting-women-centre-pension-reform, accessed 17 August 2015.
    Foucault, M. (1977a) A preface to transgression. In Bouchard, D.F. (ed.) Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: selected essays and interviews, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, pp. 2952.
    Foucault, M. (1977b) [1975] Discipline and Punish, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Foucault, M. (1982) On Governmentality. In Burchell, G., Gordon, C. and Miller, P. (eds) The Foucault Effect: studies in governmentality, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 11950.
    Foucault, M. (2002) The Order of Things, Oxford: Routledge.
    Francis, B. (2010) Girls’ achievement: contesting the positioning of girls as the relational ‘achievers’ to boys’ underachievement. In Jackson, C., Paechter, C. and Renold, E. (eds) Girls and Education: continuing concerns, new agendas, Milton Keynes: Open University Press, pp. 2137.
    Frank, A.W. (1996) Reconciliatory alchemy: bodies, narratives and power, Body and Society, 2(3): 5371.
    Frank, A.W. (2010) Letting Stories Breathe: a socio-narratology, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Fraser, N. (2009) Feminism, capitalism and the cunning of history, New Left Review, 56, Mar/Apr, 97117.
    Fraser, N. and Gordon, L. (1994) A genealogy of dependency: tracing a keyword of the US welfare state, Signs, 19(2): 30936.
    Freeth, B. (2014) Where did Madonna get THOSE boobs? Internet pokes fun at superstar after that shocking breast-baring photoshoot. Daily Mail, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2858453/Madonna-mocked-online-bizarre-topless-photoshoot.html, accessed 4 December.
    Freud, S. (2000) [1895] Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, New York: Basic Books.
    Fried, L.P., Tangen, C.M., Walston, J., Newman, A., Hirsch, L., Gottdiener, J., et al. (2001) Frailty in older adults: evidence for a phenotype, Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 56(3): 14656.
    Fried, L.P., Ferrucci, L., Darer, J., Williamson, J. and Anderson, G. (2004) Untangling the concepts of disability, frailty and comorbidity: implications for improved targeting and care, Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 59(3): 25563.
    Friedan, B. (1963) The Feminine Mystique, New York: Norton.
    Friedan, B. (1993) The Fountain of Age, New York: Vintage.
    Frost, L. (2001) Young Women and the Body: a feminist sociology, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Furedi, F. (2007) From the narrative of the Blitz to the rhetoric of vulnerability, Cultural Sociology, 1(2): 23554.
    Furlong, A. (2013) Youth Studies: an introduction, London: Routledge.
    Furlong, A. and Cartmel, F. (1997) Young People and Social Change, Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    Furman, F.K. (1999) There are no old venuses: older women’s responses to their ageing bodies. In Walker, M. (ed.) Mother Time: women, ageing and ethics, Boston: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 722.
    Fussell, S.W. (1992) Muscle: the confessions of an unlikely bodybuilder, New York: Abacus.
    Gadow, S.A. (1983) Body and Self: a dialectic. In Kestenbaum, V. (ed.) The Humanity of the Ill, Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, pp. 86100.
    Gadow, S.A. (1986) Frailty and Strength: the dialectic of aging. In Cole, T.R and Gadow, S.A. (eds) What Does it Mean to Grow Old? Reflection from the humanities, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp. 23743.
    Giddens, A. (1991) Modernity and Self-Identity, Cambridge: Polity.
    Gill, R.C. (2007a) Gender and the Media, Cambridge: Polity.
    Gill, R.C. (2007b) Critical respect: the difficulties and dilemmas of agency and ‘choice’ for feminism: a reply to Duits and van Zoonen, European Journal of Women’s Studies, 14(1): 6980.
    Gill, R.C. (2008) Body talk: negotiating body image and masculinity, In Riley, S., Burns, M., Frith, H., Wiggins, S. and Markula, P. (eds) Critical Bodies: representations, identities and practices of weight and body management, London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 10116.
    Gill, R.C. (2009) Supersexualize me! Advertising and the midriffs. In Attwood, F. (ed.) Mainstreaming Sex: the sexualisation of culture, London: I.B. Tauris, pp. 9399.
    Gilleard, C. (1996) Consumption and identity in later life: toward a cultural gerontology, Ageing and Society, 16(4): 48998.
    Gilleard, C. and Higgs, P. (2000) Cultures of Ageing, Harlow: Prentice Hall.
    Gilleard, C. and Higgs, P. (2002) The third age: class, cohort or generation? Ageing and Society, 22(3): 36980.
    Gilleard, C. and Higgs, P. (2005) Contexts of Ageing: class, cohort and community, Cambridge: Polity.
    Gilligan, C. (1982) In a Different Voice: psychological theory and women’s development, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Gillis, S. and Munford, R. (2006) Genealogies and Generations: the politics and praxis of third wave feminism, Women’s History Review, 13(2): 16582.
    Glaser, K., Nicholls, M., Stuchbury, R., Price, D. and Gjonca, E. (2009) Life Course Influences in Later Life: summary of the findings, available at http://justageing.equalityhumanrights.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/life-course-influences.pdf
    Glaser, K., Montserrat, E.R., Waginger, U., Price, D., Stuchbury, R. and Tinker, A. (2010) Grandparenting in Europe (Grandparents Plus), available at http://www.grandparentsplus.org.uk/reports-and-publications
    Glennie, A. (2014) Medical insurers won’t pay for my menopause treatment, says angry Mariella Frostrup, Daily Mail, 26 November.
    Goggins, W.B., Woo, J., Sham, A. and Ho, S.C. (2005) Frailty index a measure of biological age in a Chinese population, Journals of Gerontology A: Biol Sci Med Sci 60: 10465.
    Goldman, R. (2000) Reading Ads Socially (
    third
    edition), London: Routledge.
    Goodman, P. (1960) Growing Up Absurd: problems of youth in the organized society, New York: Vintage Books.
    Gordon, J. (2015) Are we creating a lost generation of women? Huffington Post, 20 January.
    Gornick, M. (2006) Between ‘girl power’ and ‘reviving Ophelia’: constituting the neoliberal girl subject, NWSA Journal, 18(2): 123.
    Gorton, K. and Garde-Hansen, J. (2012) From old media whore to new media troll, Feminist Media Studies, 13(2): 288301.
    Gott, M. and Hinchcliff, S. (2003) How important is sex in later life? The view of older people, Social Science and Medicine, 56(8): 161728.
    Graeber, D. (2015) The Utopia of Rules: on technology, stupidity and the secret joys of bureaucracy, New York: Melville House Publishing.
    Gray, A. (2005) The changing availability of grandparents as carers and its implications for childcare policy in the UK, Journal of Social Policy, 34(4): 55777.
    Greer, G. (1970) The Female Eunuch, London: MacGibbon and Kee.
    Greer, G. (1991) The Change, London: Hamish Hamilton.
    Grey, S. (2015) I’ve learned not to make snap judgements. Sexual chemistry can surprise you, The Guardian, 20 June.
    Grierson, B. (2014) What if age is nothing but a mind-set? New York Times, 22 October.
    Griffin, C. (1993) Representations of Youth, Cambridge: Polity.
    Grosz, E. (1990) The body of signification. In Fletcher, J. and Benjamin, A. (eds) Abjection, Melancholia and Love: the work of Julia Kristeva, London: Routledge, pp. 80103.
    Guillemard, A.-M. (1997) Rewriting social policy and changes within the life course organisation: a European perspective, Canadian Journal on Aging, 16(3): 44164.
    Gullette, M.M. (1997) Declining to Decline, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
    Gullette, M.M. (1998) Mid-life discourses in the twentieth century United States: an essay on the sexuality, ideology and politics of ‘middle-ageism’. In Schweder, R.A. (ed.) Welcome to Middle Age! (And other cultural fictions), Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 344.
    Gullette, M.M. (2004) Aged by Culture, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Guyton, A.C. and Hall, J.E. (2006) Textbook of Medical Physiology (
    11th
    edition), Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders.
    Hall, D. (2014) Essays After Eighty, Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
    Hall, G.S. (1905) Adolescence: its psychology and its relations to physiology, anthropology, sociology, sex, crime, religion and education, New York: Appleton.
    Hall, S. (1996) Who needs ‘identity’? In Hall, S. and du Gay, P. (eds) Questions of Cultural Identity, London: Sage, pp. 117.
    Hall, S. (2013) The work of representation. In Hall, S., Evans, J. and Nixon, S. (eds) Representation (
    second
    edition), London: Open University Press and Sage Publications, pp. 159.
    Harding, S. (2004) Rethinking standpoint epistemology: what is ‘strong’ objectivity? In Harding, S. (ed.) The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader. London: Routledge, pp. 12740.
    Hardman, C. (2001) Can there be an anthropology of children? Childhood, 8(4): 50117.
    Hareven, T. (1982) Preface. In Hareven, T. and Adams, K. (eds) Ageing and Life Course Transitions, London: Routledge.
    Harris, A. (2004) Future Girl: young women in the twenty-first century, London: Routledge.
    Harris, A. (2009) Young people, politics and citizenship. In Furlong, A. (ed.) Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood: new perspectives and new agenda, London: Routledge, pp. 3016.
    Harris, J. (2015) ‘They want more than we did’ – how the Tories made age our biggest divide, The Guardian 17 July, accessible at http://www.theguardian.com/society/2015/jul/17/old-young-age-divide-christchurch
    Hartstock, N.C.M. (1983) The feminist standpoint: developing the ground for a specifically feminist historical materialism. In Harding, S. and Hintikha, M.B. (eds), Discovering Reality. Dordecht: Reidel, pp. 283310.
    Havighurst, R.J. (1953) Human Development and Education, New York: Longmans.
    Haylett, C. (2001) Illegitimate subjects? Abject whites, neoliberal modernisation, and middle-class multiculturalism, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 19: 35170.
    Hazan, H. (2009) Essential others: anthropology and the return of the savage, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 29(1/2): 6072.
    Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) (2015) Eating Disorders: Hospital admissions up by 8 per cent in a year; report accessed at http://www.hscic.gov.uk/article/3880/Eating-disorders-Hospital-admissions-up-by-8-per-cent-in-a-year on 25 January 2015.
    Heine, S. (1985) Existential and Ontological Dimensions of Time in Heidegger and Dogen, New York: SUNY Press.
    Hellen, N. (2015) We’re optimists at 16 – but feel doomed by 22, Sunday Times, 4 October.
    Hendrick, H. (1990) Constructions and reconstructions of British childhood: an interpretative survey, 1800 to the present. In James, A. and Prout, A. (eds) Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood: contemporary issues in the sociological study of childhood, Basingstoke: Falmer Press, pp. 3559.
    Hendrick, H. (2003) Child Welfare: historical dimensions, contemporary debates, Bristol: Policy Press.
    Herskovits, E. and Mitteness, L. (1994) Transgressions and sickness in old age, Journal of Ageing Studies, 8(3): 32740.
    Higgs, P. and Gilleard, C. (2006) Departing the margins: social class and later life in second modernity, Journal of Sociology, 42 (3): 21941.
    Higgs, P. and Gilleard, C. (2015) Rethinking Old Age: theorizing the fourth age, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Higonnet, A. (1998) Pictures of Innocence: the history and crisis of ideal childhood, London: Thames and Hudson.
    Hlavka, H.R. (2014) Normalizing sexual violence: young women account for harassment and abuse, Gender and Society, 28(3): 6980.
    Hochschild, A.R. (1979) Emotion work, feeling rules and social structure, American Journal of Sociology, 85(3): 55175.
    Hockey, J. and James, A. (1993) Growing Up and Growing Old, London: Sage.
    Hoddinott, P., Craig, L.C.A., Britten, J., McInnes, R.M. (2012) A serial qualitative interview study of infant feeding experiences: idealism meets realism, British Medical Journal, (2012) 2: e000504, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000504
    Holland, J., Ramazanoglu, C., Sharpe, S. and Thomson, R. (1998) The Male in the Head: young people, heterosexuality and power, London: Tufnell Press.
    Hollows, J. (2000) Feminism, Femininity and Popular Culture, Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Hollway, L. (1984) Women’s power in heterosexual sex, Women’s Studies International Forum, 7(1): 638.
    Hood-Williams, J. (1990) Patriarchy for children: on the stability of power relations in children’s lives. In Chisholm, L., Büchner, P. and Brown, P. (eds) Childhood, Youth and Social Change: a comparative perspective, Basingstoke: Falmer, pp. 11122.
    Howson, A. (2005) Embodying Gender, London: Sage.
    Hubbard, R.E. and Rockwood, K. (2011) Frailty in older women, Maturitas, 69: 2037.
    Huhne, C. (2013) Someone needs to fight the selfish short-sighted old, The Guardian, Comment is Free, 22 December.
    Hunt, S. (2001) The Life Course: a sociological introduction, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Hunt, E. (2015) How old do I look: another way to feel bad about yourself online, The Guardian, 1 May.
    Hurd Clarke, L. (2011) Facing Age: women growing older in anti-ageing culture, London: Rowman and Littlefield.
    International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) (2015) Facts and Statistics. http://www.iofbonehealth.org/facts-statistics accessed 4 April 2015.
    Itzin, C. and Phillipson, C. (1995) Gendered ageism: a double jeopardy for women in organizations. In Itzin, C. and Newman, J. (eds) Gender, Culture and Organizational Change: putting theory into practice, London: Routledge, pp. 8190.
    Jackson, M. (1996) (ed.) Things as They Are: new directions in phenomenological anthropology, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Jackson, S. (1982) Childhood and Sexuality, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Jackson, S. (1999) Heterosexuality in Question, London: Sage.
    Jackson, C. and Tinkler, P. (2007) ‘Ladettes’ and ‘Modern Girls’: ‘troublesome’ young femininities, Sociological Review, 55(2): 25172.
    James, A. and James, A. (2012) Key Concepts in Childhood Studies (
    second
    edition), London: Sage.
    James, A. and Prout, A. (eds) (1990) Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood, Basingstoke: Falmer Press.
    James, A., Jenks, C. and Prout, A. (1998) Theorizing Childhood, Cambridge: Polity.
    Jenkins, R. (2002) Pierre Bourdieu (
    second
    edition), London: Routledge.
    Jenkins, R. (2004) Social Identity: key ideas (
    second
    edition), London: Routledge.
    Jenks, C. (2003) Transgression: key ideas, London: Routledge.
    Jenks, C. (2005) Childhood: key ideas (
    second
    edition), London: Routledge.
    Johnson, B. (2013) The Third Margaret Thatcher Lecture, downloaded at http://www.cps.org.uk/files/factsheets/original/131128144200-Thatcherlecturev2.pdf
    Johnson, S.L. (2015) How do you know you’ve really become an adult? An illustrated essay, The Guardian, 3 October.
    Jones, G. (2009) Youth, Cambridge: Polity.
    Jung, A. and Schill, W.-B. (2004) Male sexuality with advancing age, European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 113: 1235.
    Kant, I. (1963) On History, New York: Bobbs-Merrill.
    Kaplan. E.A. (1983) Women and Film: both sides of the camera, London: Routledge.
    Katz, S. (1996) Disciplining Old Age, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
    Katz, S. (2000) Busy bodies: activity, aging, and the management of everyday life, Journal of Ageing Studies, 14: 13552.
    Katz, S. (2011) Hold on! Falling, embodiment and the materiality of old age. In M. Casper and P. Currah (eds) Corpus: an interdisciplinary reader on bodies and knowledge, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 187205.
    Katz, S. and Marshall, B.L. (2004) Is the functional ‘normal’? Ageing, sexuality and the bio-marking of successful living, History of the Human Sciences, 17(1): 537.
    Kaufman, S.R. (1986) The Ageless Self, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
    Kaufman, S.R. (1994) The social construction of frailty: an anthropological perspective, Journal of Aging Studies, 8 (1): 548.
    Kinchen, R. (2014) I’m glad my hot flushes are causing a few blushes, Sunday Times, 30 November.
    King, N. (2006) The lengthening list of oppressions: age relations and the feminist study of inequality. In Calasanti, T.M. and Slevin, K.F. (eds) Age Matters: realigning feminist thinking, London: Routledge, pp. 4774.
    Kingston, K. (2000) Falls in later life: status passage and preferred identities as a new orientation, Health (London), 4(2): 21633.
    Kirkwood, T. (2008) Understanding ageing from an evolutionary perspective, Journal of Internal Medicine, 263: 11727.
    Kleinman, A. (1988) The Illness Narratives: suffering, healing and the human condition, New York: Basic Books.
    Knight, I. (2014) Chick lit is in its death throes, The Guardian, 24 October.
    Kohli, M. (1999) Private and public transfers between generations: linking the family and the state, European Societies, 1(1): 81104.
    Kohli, M. (2007) The institutionalization of the life course, Research in Human Development, 4(34): 25371.
    Kontos P. (2006) Embodied selfhood: an ethnographic exploration of Alzheimer’s disease. In Cohen, L. and Leibing, A. (eds) Thinking about Dementia: culture, loss, and the anthropology of senility, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 195217.
    Kristeva, J. (1982) Powers of Horror: an essay on abjection, New York: Columbia University Press.
    Kuh, D. and the New Dynamics of Ageing (NDA) Preparatory Network (2007) A life course approach to health aging, frailty and capability, Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 62(7): 71721.
    Lansley, S. and Mack, J. (2015) Breadline Britain: the rise of mass poverty, London: Oneworld Publications.
    Laqueur, T. (1990) Making Sex: body and gender from the Greeks to Freud, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Laslett, P. (1991) A Fresh Map of Life: the emergence of the third age, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Lawler, S. (1999) Getting out and getting away: women’s narratives of class mobility, Feminist Review, 63: 324.
    Lawler, S. (2000) Mothering the Self: mothers, daughters, subjects, London: Routledge.
    Lawler, S. (2005) Disgusted subjects: the making of middle-class identities, Sociological Review, 53(3): 42946.
    Lawler, S. (2008) Identity: sociological perspectives, Cambridge: Polity.
    Leach, P. (1977) Baby and Child, London: Michael Joseph.
    Lee, N. (2001) Childhood and Society: growing up in an age of uncertainty, Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    Leibing, A. and Kampf, A. (2013) Neither body nor brain: comparing preventive attitudes to prostate cancer and Alzheimer’s disease, Body and Society, early view: published online 19 March.
    Leonard, D. (1990) Persons in their own right: children and sociology in the UK. In Chisholm, L., Büchner, P. and Brown, P. (eds) Childhood, Youth and Social Change: a comparative perspective, Basingstoke: Falmer Press, pp. 4048.
    Levin, J. (2013) Blurring the Boundaries: the declining significance of age, London: Routledge.
    Levinson, D., Darrow, D.N, Klein, E.B. and Levinson, M. (1978) The Seasons of a Man’s Life, New York: Knopf.
    Levy, A. (2005) Female Chauvinist Pigs: women and the rise of raunch culture, New York: Free Press.
    Lian, O.S. and Bondevik, H. (2015) Medical constructions of long term exhaustion, past and present, Sociology of Health and Illness, 37(6): 92035. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467–9566.12249.
    Lloyd, L., Calnan, M., Cameron, A.M., Seymour, J. and Smith, R. (2014) Identity in the fourth age: perseverance, adaptation and maintaining dignity, Ageing and Society, 34(1): 119.
    Lock, M. (1993) Encounters with Ageing, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Lorber, J. (2000) Using gender to undo gender: a feminist degendering movement, Feminist Theory, 1(1): 7995.
    Lorber, J. and Moore, L.J. (2002) The Social Construction of Illness (
    second
    edition), Maryland: AltaMira Press.
    Loretto, W., Duncan, C. and White, P.L. (2000) Ageism and employment: controversies, ambiguities and younger peoples perceptions, Ageing and Society, 20(3): 279302.
    Lott, T. (2015) We oldies aren’t the lucky ones, Children today have much better lives, The Guardian, 27 March.
    Lovgren, K. (2012) ‘They see themselves as young’: the market addressing the older consumer. In Ylanne, V. (ed.) Representing Ageing: images and identities, London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 5367.
    Lowenthal, D. (1985) The Past is a Foreign Country, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Lowsky, D.J., Olshansky, S.J., Bhattacharya, J. and Goldman, D.P. (2013) Heterogeneity in healthy ageing, Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences, 69(6): 64049.
    Lustbader, W. (2011) Life Gets Better: the unexpected pleasures of growing older, New York: Tarcher/Penguin.
    Lyddiard, M. (1924) The Mothercraft Manual, London: Churchill.
    Lynott, R.J. and Lynott, P.P. (1996) Tracing the course of theoretical development in the sociology of ageing, Gerontologist, 36(6): 74960.
    MacInnes, J. (1998) The End of Masculinity: the confusion of sexual genesis and sexual difference in modern society, Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    MacIntyre, A. (2007) [1981] After Virtue: a study in moral theory (
    third
    edition), London: Duckworth.
    MacPherson, K.I. (1981) Menopause as disease: the social construction of a metaphor, Advances in Nursing Science, 3: 95113.
    MacPherson, K.I. (1985) Osteoporosis and menopause: a feminist analysis of the social construction of a syndrome, Advances in Nursing Science, 7(4): 1122.
    Mannheim, K. (1952) [1927] The problem of generations. In Essays on the Sociology of Knowledge, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Manton, K.G. (1982) Changing concepts of morbidity and mortality in the elderly population, Memorial Fund Quarterly, 60(2): 18391.
    Marshall, B.L. and Katz, S. (2006) From androgyny to androgens. In Calasanti, T.M. and Slevin, K.F. (eds) Age matters: realigning feminist thinking, New York and London: Routledge, pp. 7597.
    Marshall, B.L. and Katz, S. (2012) The embodied life course: post-ageism or the renaturalization of gender? Societies, 2: 22234.
    Martin, E. (1987) The Woman in the Body, Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    Marx, K. (1976) Capital, Volume One, New York: Vintage Books.
    Marx, K. and Engels, F. (2010) [1848] The Communist Manifesto, London: Vintage.
    McAdams, D.P. (1993) The Stories We Live By, London: Morrow/HarperCollins.
    McRobbie, A. (2004) Notes on ‘What Not to Wear’ and post-feminist symbolic violence, In Adkins, L. and Skeggs, B. (eds) Feminism after Bourdieu, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 99109.
    McRobbie, A. (2009) The Aftermath of Feminism: gender, culture and social change, London: Sage.
    McRobbie, A. (2013) Top girls? Young women and the post-feminist sexual contract, Cultural Studies, 21(45): 71837.
    Menninghaus, W. (2003) Disgust: theory and history of a strong sensation, New York: State University of New York Press.
    Merleau-Ponty, M. (2004) Phenomenology of Perception, London: Routledge.
    Miller, P. and Rose, N. (2008) Governing the Present, Cambridge: Polity.
    Mills, C.W. (1959) The Sociological Imagination, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Minkler, M.M. and Estes, C.L. (1998) Critical Gerontology: perspectives from political and moral economy, Amityville, NY: Bayville.
    Mintz, S. (2015) The Prime of Life: a history of modern adulthood, Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Mitchell, P. and Ziegler, F. (2007) Fundamentals of Developmental Psychology, Hove: Psychology Press.
    Mitteness, L.S. and Barker, J.C. (1995) Stigmatizing a ‘normal’ condition: urinary incontinence in late life, Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 9(2): 188210.
    Moi, T. (1995) What is a Woman? And Other Essays, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Moi, T. (2008) Simone de Beauvoir: the making of an intellectual woman (
    second
    edition), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Moody, H.R. (1986) The meaning of life and the meaning of old age. In Cole, T.R. and Gadow, S. (eds) What Does it Mean to Grow Old? Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp. 940.
    Moody, H.R. (2007) Ageing, generational opposition, and the future of the family. In Pruchno, R.A. and Smyer, M.A. (eds) Challenges of an Ageing Society, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, pp. 17589.
    Moody, H.R. and Sasser, J.R. (2015) Ageing: concepts and controversies (
    eighth
    edition), Thousand Oaks, CA and London: Sage.
    Moore, S. (2009) ‘No matter what I did I would still end up in the same position’: Age as a factor defining older women’s experience of labour market participation, Work, Employment & Society, 23(4): 65571.
    Moore, S.E.H. (2010) Is the healthy body gendered? Body and Society, 16(2): 95118.
    Morgan, D. (2004) Class and masculinity. In Kimmel, M., Hearn, J.R. and Connell, R.W. (eds) Handbook of Studies on Men and Masculinities, London: Sage, pp. 16577.
    Morgan, K.P. (1991) Women and the knife: cosmetic surgery and the colonization of women’s bodies, Hypatia, 6(3): 2553.
    Morris, D.B. (1991) The Culture of Pain, Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Mullan, P. (2002) The Imaginary Time Bomb: why an ageing population is not a social problem, London: I.B. Tauris.
    Mulvey, L. (1975) Visual pleasure and narrative cinema, Screen, 16(3): 618.
    Munford, R. and Waters, W. (2014) Feminism and Popular Culture: investigating the postfeminist mystique, London: I.B. Tauris.
    Myerhoff, B. (1978) Number Our Days, New York: Simon and Schuster.
    Nead, L. (1988) Myths of Sexuality: representations of women in Victorian Britain, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    Negra, D. (2009) What a Girl Wants? Fantasizing the reclamation of self in postfeminism, New York: Routledge.
    Neilsen, H.B. (2004) Noisy girls: new subjectivities and old gender discourses, Young, 12(1): 930.
    Neiman, S. (2014) Why Grow Up? Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Neugarten, B. (1965) Norms, Age Constraints and Adult Socialization, Glenview, IL: Scott Foreman.
    Niland, P. and Lyons, A.C. (2011) Uncertainty in medicine: meanings of menopause and hormone replacement therapy in medical textbooks, Social Science and Medicine, 73: 123845.
    Norton, M. and West, S. (2014) Age UK Poverty Evidence Review, London: Age UK.
    Nussbaum, M.R.H., Helton, M.R. and Ray, N. (2004) The changing nature of women’s sexual health concerns through the mid-life years, Maturitas, 49: 28391.
    O’Donnell, M. and Sharpe, S. (2000) Uncertain Masculinities: youth, ethnicity and class in contemporary Britain, London: Routledge.
    O’Hagan, A. (2013) The Reviewer’s Song, London Review of Books, 35(21).
    O’Neill, J. (2005) Embodiment and child development: a phenomenological approach. In Jenks, C. (ed.) Childhood: critical concepts in sociology, London: Routledge, pp. 11324.
    Oakley, A. (1972) Sex, Gender and Society, London: Temple Smith.
    Oakley, L.L., Renfrew, M.J., Kurinczuk, J.J. and Quigley, M.A. (2013) Factors associated with breastfeeding in England: an analysis by primary caretrust. BMJ Open, 3: e002765. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2013–002765
    Oberg, P. and Tornstam, L. (1999) Body images among men and women of different ages, Ageing and Society, 19(5): 62944.
    Office of National Statistics (2013) Families and Households, online publication accessible at http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/family-demography/families-and-households/2013/stb-families.html
    Oliffe, J. (2005) Construction of masculinity following prostatectomy – induced impotence, Social Science and Medicine, 60(10): 224959.
    Olshansky, S.J. and Ault, A.B. (1986) The fourth stage of the epidemiologic transition: the age of delayed degenerative diseases, Milbank Quarterly, 64(3): 35591.
    Orr, D. (2015) Madonna’s fall doesn’t make her ancient – it reveals her as more radical than ever, The Guardian, 28 February.
    Parsons, J. (1991) [1951] The Social System, London: Routledge.
    Pearson, J. (2015) ‘I fell into the deepest depression’. Madonna says that sending Lourdes, 18, to college was ‘devastating’ on Ellen Show, Daily Mail, 17 March.
    Penny, L. (2014) Unspeakable Things: sex, lies and revolution, London: Bloomsbury.
    Person, E.S. (1980) Sexuality as the mainstay of identity: psychoanalytic perspectives, Signs, 5(4): 60530.
    Phillipson, C. (1982) Capitalism and the Construction of Old Age, London: Macmillan.
    Phillipson, C. (2013) Ageing: key concepts, Cambridge: Polity.
    Phipps, A. and Young, I. (2012s) That’s What She Said: women students’ experience of ‘lad culture’ in higher education, project report, London: NUS.
    Phoenix, A. (2004) Neoliberalism and masculinity: racialization and the contradictions of schooling for 11–14 year olds, Youth and Society, 36(2): 22746.
    Piaget, J. (1972) [1927] Psychology and Epistemology, (trans P. Wells), Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Pickard, S. (2010) The role of governmentality in the establishment, maintenance and demise of professional jurisdictions: the case of geriatric medicine, Sociology of Health and Illness, 32(7): 115.
    Pickard, S. (2011) Health, illness and normality: the case of old age, Biosocieties, 6: 32341.
    Pickard, S. (2013) A new political anatomy of the older body? An examination of approaches to illness in old age in primary care, Ageing and Society, 33(6): 96487.
    Pickett, K. and Wilkinson, R. (2014) A 25-year gap between the life expectancy of rich and poor Londoners is a further indictment of our unequal society, The Independent, 15 January.
    Pilcher, R. (1995) Age and Generation in Modern Britain, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Pipher, M. (1994) Reviving Ophelia: saving the selves of adolescent girls, New York: G.P. Putnam and Sons.
    Plummer, K. (2004) Male sexualities. In Kimmel, M., Hearn, J.R. and Connell, R.W. (eds) Handbook of Studies on Men and Masculinities, London: Sage, pp. 17895.
    Pollock, G. (2003) Vision and Difference: femininity, feminism and art, London: Routledge Classics.
    Poovey, M. (1984) The Proper Lady and the Woman Writer: ideology as style in the works of Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Shelley and Jane Austen, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Porter, L. (2013) Oxford University Crewdates: a hotbed of booze, ‘banter’ and some casual sexism, Daily Telegraph, 2 April.
    Postman, N. (1984) The Disappearance of Childhood, New York: Dell Publishing.
    Potts, A., Gavey, N., Grace, V.M. and Vares, T. (2003) The downside of Viagra: women’s experience and concerns, Sociology of Health and Illness, 25(7): 697719.
    Potts, A., Grace, V., Gavey, N. and Vaes, T. (2004) ‘Viagra stories’: challenging ‘erectile dysfunction’, Social Science and Medicine, 59: 48999.
    Prendergast, S. (2000) ‘To become dizzy in our turning’: girls, body-maps and gender as childhood ends. In Prout, A. (ed.) The Body, Childhood and Society, London: Macmillan, pp. 10124.
    Prendergast, S. and Forrest, S. (1997) Shorties, low-lifers, hardnuts and kings: boys, emotions and embodiment in school. In Bendelow, G. and Williams, S.J. (eds) Emotions in Social Life: critical themes and contemporary issues, London: Routledge, pp. 15572.
    Preston, A. (2015) The war against humanities at Britain’s universities, The Observer, 29 March.
    Prime (2014) The Missing Million: illuminating the employment challenges of the over-50s, London: Business in the Community.
    Prout, A. (2005) The Future of Childhood: towards the interdisciplinary study of children, London: Routledge.
    Public Health Service’s Office in Women’s Health (2000) Eating Disorders Information Sheet, see http://womenshealth.gov/about-us/.
    Pullman, P. (2011) His Dark Materials, London: Everyman.
    Pyke, K.D. (1996) Class-based masculinities: the interdependence of gender, class and interpersonal power, Gender and Society 10(5): 52749.
    Radl, J. (2012) Too old to work or too young to retire? The pervasiveness of age norms in Western Europe, Work, Employment and Society, 26(5): 75571.
    Rampell, C. (2015) The great recession’s lost generation? Older millennials, Washington Post, 2 February.
    Reay, D. (2002) Class, authenticity and the transition to higher education for mature students, Sociological Review, 50(3): 398418.
    Renold, E. and Allan, A. (2006) Bright and beautiful: high-achieving girls, ambivalent femininities and the feminization of success, Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 27(4): 45773.
    Riach, K. and Cutcher, L. (2014) Built to last: ageing, class and the masculine body in a UK hedge fund, Work, Employment and Society, 28(5): 77187.
    Riach, K. and Kelly, S. (2013) The need for fresh blood: understanding organizational age inequality through a vampiric lens, Organization, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1350508413508999
    Rich, E. (2005) Young women, feminist identities and neoliberalism, Women’s Studies International Forum, 28: 495508.
    Richardson, D. (2004) Locating sexualities: from here to normality, Sexualities, 7(4): 391411.
    Richardson, D. (2010) Youth masculinities: compelling male heterosexuality, British Journal of Sociology, 61(4): 73756.
    Ridge, T. (2002) Childhood Poverty and Social Exclusion: from a child’s perspective, Bristol: Policy Press.
    Ringrose, J. (2007) Successful girls? Complicating post-feminist, neo-liberal discourses of educational achievement and gender equality, Gender and Education, 19(4): 47189.
    Riviere, J. (1929) [1986] Womanliness as masquerade. In Burgin, V. and Donald, J. (eds) Formations of Fantasy, London: Methuen, pp. 3544.
    Roberts, K. (2009) Opportunity structures: then and now, Journal of Education and Work, 22(5): 35568.
    Roberts, K. (2011) Class in Contemporary Britain (
    second
    edition), Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Rockwood, K. (2005) What would make a definition of frailty successful? Age and Ageing, 34(5): 4324.
    Rockwood, K., Stadnyk, K., MacKnight, C., McDowell, I., Hebert, R. and Hogan, D. (1999) A brief clinical instrument to classify frailty in elderly people, The Lancet, 353: 2056.
    Rockwood, K., Song, X., MacKnight, C., Bergman, H., Hogan, D.B., McDowell, I. and Mitnitski, A. (2005) A global clinical measure of fitness and frailty in elderly people, Canadian Medical Association Journal, 173(5): 48395.
    Roebuck, J. (1979) When does ‘old age’ begin? The evolution of the English definition, Journal of Social History, 12(3): 41628.
    Rolfson, D.B., Wilcock, G., Mitnitski, A., King, E., de Jager, C.A., Rockwood, K., Fallah, N. and Searle, S.D. (2013) An assessment of neurocognitive speed in relation to frailty, Age and Ageing, 42(2): 1916.
    Rose, G. (2012) Visual Methodologies: an introduction to researching with visual methods (
    third
    edition), London: Sage.
    Rose, N. (1989) Governing the Soul: the shaping of the private self, London: Routledge.
    Rose, N. (1998) Inventing Our Selves: psychology, power and personhood, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Rose, N. (1999) Powers of Freedom: reframing political thought, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Rosin, H. (2010) The end of men, The Atlantic, July/Aug.
    Rowbotham, S. (1973) Woman’s Consciousness, Man’s World, London: Pelican.
    Rowe, J.W. and Kahn, R.L. (1987) Human ageing: usual and successful, Science, 237: 1439.
    Rowe, J.W. and Kahn, R.L. (1997) Successful ageing, The Gerontologist, 37(4): 43340.
    Sacker, A., Kelly, Y., Iacovou, M., Cable, N. and Bartley, M. (2012) Breastfeeding and intergenerational social mobility: what are the mechanisms? Archives of Disease in Childhood, downloaded 19.11.2014 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ archdischild-2012-303199
    Sandel, M. (2012) What Money Can’t Buy: the moral limits of markets, London: Allan Lane.
    Savage, M., Ward, A. and Devine, F. (2005) Capitals, assets, and resources: some critical issues, British Journal of Sociology, 56(1): 3147.
    Savage, M., Devine, F., Cunningham, N., Taylor, M., Li, Y., Hjellbrekke, J., Le Roux, B., Friedman, S. and Miles, A. (2013) A new model of social class? Findings from the BBC’s Great British Class Survey Experiment, Sociology, 47(2): 21950.
    Scott, J., Crompton, R. and Lyonette, C. (2010) Introduction: what’s new about gender inequalities in the twenty-first century? In Scott, J., Crompton, R. and Lyonette, C. (eds) Gender Inequalities in the Twenty-First Century: new barriers and continuing constraints, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 116.
    Seabrook, J. (2013) Pauperland: poverty and the poor in Britain, London: Hurst and Co.
    Segal, L. (1994) Straight Sex: rethinking the politics of pleasure, Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Segal, L. (2007) Slow Motion: changing masculinities, changing men, (
    third
    edition), London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Segal, L. (2013) Out of Time: the pleasures and perils of ageing, London: Verso.
    Sennett, R. (1999) The Corrosion of Character, New York and London: Norton.
    Sharma, A. and Cockerill, H. (2014) Mary Sheridan’s From Birth to Five Years: children’s developmental progress (
    fourth
    edition), London: Routledge.
    Shilling, C. (2012) The Body and Social Theory (
    third
    edition), London: Sage.
    Shisslak, C.M., Crago, M. and Estes, L.S. (1995) The spectrum of eating disturbances, International Journal of Eating Disorders, 18(3): 20919.
    Showalter, E. (1997) Hystories, New York: Columbia University Press.
    Sidell, M. (1995) Health in Old Age: myth, mystery and management, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Singh, I. (2005) Will the ‘real boy’ please behave: dosing dilemmas for parents of boys with ADHD, American Journal of Bioethics, 5(3): 3447.
    Skeggs, B. (1997) Formations of Class and Gender: becoming respectable, London: Sage.
    Skeggs, B. (2004) Class, Self, Culture, London: Routledge.
    Slee, P.T and Shute, R.H (2003) Child Development – thinking about the theories, London: Arnold.
    Slevin, K.F. (2010) ‘If I had lots of money… I’d have a body makeover’: managing the aging body, Social Forces, 88(3): 100320.
    Smart, C. (1996) ‘Deconstructing motherhood’. In Bortoloia Silva, E. (ed.) Good Enough Mothering: feminist perspectives on lone motherhood, London: Routledge, pp. 3757.
    Smith, D. (1987) The Everyday World as Problematic: a feminist sociology, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    Smith, S. (2014) The year reality bites, Sunday Times, 14 December.
    Sontag, S. (1972) The double standard of ageing, Saturday Review, 23 September: 2938.
    Spar, D.L. (2013) Wonder Women: sex, power, and the quest for perfection, New York: Sarah Crichton Books.
    Spijker, J. and MacInnes, J. (2013) Population ageing: the timebomb that isn’t?, British Medical Journal, 347: f6598, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f6598
    Stafford, Z. (2015) We millennials lack a roadmap to adulthood, The Guardian, 30 March.
    Stainton Rogers, W. (2003) What is a child? In Woodward, M. and Montgomery, H. (eds) Understanding Childhood: an interdisciplinary approach, Milton Keynes: Open University, pp. 143.
    Stallybrass, P. and White, A. (1986) The Politics and Poetics of Transgression, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Stein, A., Malmberg, L.E., Leach, P., Barnes, J., Sylva, K. and the FCCC Team (2012) The influence of different forms of early childcare on children’s emotional and behavioural development at school entry, Child: Care, Health and Development, 39(5): 67687.
    Stoller, R. (1968) Sex and Gender, London: Hogarth Press.
    Stoltenberg, J. (1984) Refusing to be a Man, Women’s Studies International Forum, 7(1): 257.
    Strawbridge, W.J., Wallhagen, M.I. and Cohen, R.D. (2002) Successful ageing and well-being: self-rated compared with Rowe and Kahn, Gerontologist, 42: 72733.
    Strenger, C. and Ruttenberg, A. (2008) The existential necessity of midlife change, Harvard Business Review, February: 19.
    Sugarman, L. (2001) Life-Span Development: frameworks, accounts and strategies (
    second
    edition), Hove: Psychology Press.
    Szanton, S.L., Seplaki, C.L., Thorpe, R.J., Jr, Allen, J.K. and Freid, L.P. (2010) Socioeconomic status is associated with frailty: the Women’s Health and Ageing Studies, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64(1): 637.
    Tanner, J.L. and Arnett, J.J. (2009) The emergence of ‘emerging adulthood’. In Furlong, A. (ed.) Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood, London: Routledge, pp. 3945.
    Taylor, C. (1985) Sources of the Self, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Taylor, C. (1992) The Ethics of Authenticity, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Terkel, S. (1974) Working: people talk about what they do all day and how they feel about what they do, New York: Pantheon.
    Thane, P. (2000) Old Age in English History, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Thane, P. (2006) The ‘scandal’ of women’s pensions in Britain: how did it come about? Available at http://www.historyandpolicy.org/policy-papers/papers/the-scandal-of-womens-pensions-in-britain-how-did-it-come-about
    Thompson, P., Itzin, C. and Abendstern, M. (1991) I Don’t Feel Old: understanding the experience of later life, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Thorne, B. (1993) Gender Play, Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
    Thuren, B.M. (1994) Opening doors and getting rid of shame: experiences of first menstruation in Valencia, Women’s Studies International Forum 17(2/3): 21728.
    Toledano, P. (2015) Maybe, Stockport: Dewi Lewis.
    Tolson, A. (1977) The Limits of Masculinity, London: Tavistock.
    Tornstam, L. (2003) Gerotranscendence from young old age to old old age, Online publication retrieved from the Social Gerontology Group, Uppsala (Sweden), available at http://www.soc.uu.se/publications/fulltext/gransoldold.pdf
    Tornstam, L. (2011) Maturing into gerotranscendence, Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 43(2): 16679.
    Townsend, P. (1981) The structured dependency of the elderly: the creation of social policy in the twentieth century, Ageing and Society, 1(1): 528.
    Tran, M. (2014) Apple and Facebook offer to freeze eggs for female employees, The Guardian, 15 October.
    Trethewey, A. (2001) Reproducing and resisting the master narrative of decline: midlife professional women’s experience of ageing, Management Communication Quarterly, 15(2): 183226.
    Tronto, J.C. (1993) Moral Boundaries: a political argument for an ethic of care, New York: Routledge.
    Twigg, J. (2000) Bathing – the Body and Community Care, London: Routledge.
    Twigg, J. (2007) Clothing, age and the body: a critical review, Ageing and Society, 27(2): 285305.
    Twigg, J. (2013) Fashion and Age: the body and later life, London: Bloomsbury.
    Tyler, I. (2008) Chav mum chav scum, Feminist Media Studies, 8(1): 1734.
    Utz, R. (2011) Like mother, (not) like daughter: the social construction of menopause and aging, Journal of Aging Studies, 25(2): 14354.
    Van Gennep, A. (1975) The Rites of Passage, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Vares, T., Potts, A., Gavey, N. and Grace, V.M. (2007) Reconceptualizing cultural narratives of mature women’s sexuality in the Viagra era, Journal of Ageing Studies, 21: 15364.
    Vickerstaff, S. (2010) Older workers: the ‘unavoidable obligation’ of extending our working lives? Sociology Compass, 4(10): 86979.
    Vickerstaff, S. and Cox, J. (2005) Retirement and risk: the individualization of retirement experiences? Sociological Review, 53(1): 7795.
    Wainwright, S.P. and Turner, B.S. (2006) Just crumbling to bits? An exploration of the body, ageing, injury and career in classical ballet dancers, Sociology, 40(2): 23755.
    Walby, S. (1990) Theorizing Patriarchy, Oxford: Blackwell.
    Walby, S. (1999) Introduction. In Walby S. (ed.) New Agendas for Women, London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 116.
    Walker, A. (1980) The social creation of poverty and dependency in old age, Journal of Social Policy, 9(1): 4575.
    Walkerdine, V. (2005) Safety and danger: childhood, sexuality and space at the end of the millennium. In Jenks, C. (ed.) Childhood: critical concepts in sociology, London: Routledge, pp. 14563.
    Walkerdine, V. and Lucey, H. (1989) Democracy in the Kitchen: regulating mothers and socializing daughters, London: Virago.
    Walkerdine, V., Lucey, H. and Melody, J. (2001) Growing Up Girl: psychosocial explorations of gender and class, London: Palgrave.
    Walter, N. (2015) Living Dolls: the return of sexism (
    second
    edition), London: Virago.
    Ward, A. (2015) Boat Grace, Sunday Times, 5 April.
    Ward, C., Dale, A. and Joshi, H. (1996) Combining employment with childcare: an escape from dependence? Journal of Social Policy, 25(2): 22347.
    Wearing, S. (2007) Subjects of rejuvenation: aging in postfeminist culture. In Tasker, Y. and Negra, D. (eds) Interrogating Postfeminism: gender and the politics of popular culture (console-ing passions), Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp. 277310.
    Weber, M. (1978) Economy and Society: an outline of interpretive sociology, edited by G. Roth and C. Wittich, Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Wedge, M. (2015) The ADHD fallacy: it’s time to stop treating childhood as a disease, Time, 23 April.
    Weeks, J., Holland, J. and Waites, M. (eds) (2003) Sexualities and Society: a reader, Cambridge: Polity.
    Weinstein, S. (2013) Is the ‘older generation’ a new lost generation? Psychology Today, October.
    Whelehan, I. (2013) Ageing appropriately: postfeminist discourses of ageing in contemporary Hollywood. In Gwynne, J. and Muller, N. (eds) Postfeminism and Contemporary Hollywood Cinema, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 7895.
    Willetts, D. (2010) The Pinch: how the baby boomers took their children’s future – and why they should give it back, London: Atlantic Books.
    Williams, G.H. (1984) The genesis of chronic illness: narrative reconstruction, Sociology of Health and Illness, 6(2): 17598.
    Williams, R. (1977) Marxism and Literature, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Williams, Z. (2015) Let’s ditch the nostalgia that’s invaded our TV and seeped into our politics, The Guardian, 30 April.
    Willis, P. (1977) Learning to Labour, Farnborough: Saxon House.
    Willis, S.L. and Schail, K.W. (2005) Cognitive trajectories in midlife and cognitive functioning in old age. In Williams, S.L. and Martin, M. (eds) Middle Adulthood: a lifespan perspective, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 24376.
    Winch, A. (2013) Girlfriends and Postfeminist Sisterhood, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Wolf, N. (1990) The Beauty Myth, London: Vintage.
    Woodhead, M. and Montgomery, H. (2003) (eds) Understanding Childhood: an interdisciplinary approach, Milton Keynes: Open University.
    Woodward, K. (1978) Master songs of meditation: the late poems of Eliot, Pound, Stevens, and Williams. In Spicker, S.F., Woodward, K.M. and van Tassel, D.D. (eds) (1978) Ageing and the Elderly, Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, pp. 181202.
    Woodward, K. (1988) Simone de Beauvoir: aging and its discontents. In Benstock, S. (ed.) The Private Self: theory and practice in women’s autobiographical writings, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, pp. 90113.
    Woodward, K. (1991) Aging and its Discontents: Freud and other fictions, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Woodward, K. (1999) Inventing generational models: psychoanalysis, feminism, literature. In Woodward, K. (ed.) Figuring Age: women, bodies, generations. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 319.
    Woodward, K. (2002) Against wisdom: the social politics of anger and ageing, Cultural Critique, 51: 186218.
    Woodward, K. (2006) Performing age, performing gender, NWSA Journal, 18(1): 16289.
    World Health Organization (2015) Global health observatory data repository, available at www.http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main688
    Wurtzel, E. (2009) Failure to launch, Elle, June.
    Yalom, I.D. (1980) Existential Psychotherapy, New York: Basic Books.
    Young, I.M. (2005) ‘Throwing like a girl’ And other essays, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Zaretsky, E. (2004) Secrets of the Soul: a social and cultural history of psychoanalysis, New York: Vintage.

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website